How to teach jolly Phonics step-by-step

how to teach jolly phonics step by step

Phonics is one of the most important skills children must master before they start school. It’s also one of the hardest subjects to teach. But don’t worry – we’ve got you covered!

What is jolly phonics?

Jolly phonics is a new method to teach children how to read by teaching them the sounds of the letters. The kids don’t take the traditional 24 letters of the alphabet. Rather, they take 42 graphemes.

how to teach Jolly Phonics step-by-step

What is a grapheme?

graphemes are the sounds made by the letters. This is the table for graphemes in English:

jolly phonics
Graphemes chart – activities

We can classify graphemes in this chart into four categories:

  • single-letter graphemes (sounds we shape by one letter)
  • Digraphs: sounds that we present by two letters (like tie)
  • Trigraphs: Sounds that we present by three letters (like lower)
  • Quadgraphs: Sounds that we present by four letters (like a cough)

Teaching graphemes happens according to phases:

Phases take your child from learning letter sounds to reading fluently.

  1. phase 1
  2. phase 2
  3. phase 3
  4. phase 4
  5. phase 5

Phase 1:

In which he knows the sounds of nature. This is a kind of pre-reading skill for toddlers. We may not go through it in kids’ activities as we are more interested in phase 2.


Phase 2:

    In this phase, the focus is on the perception of sounds. Not all the 42 sounds are introduced directly. Only sounds are made by one letter. Initially, The kid is supposed to be able to see the letter and define its sound (decoding). At the same time, the kid has to know how to form the letter and write it (encoding). In addition, a little blending happens in this stage for some CVC words. Lastly, they learn some highly common tricky words like ‘go’ and ‘the’.


    • Phase two has 5 sets learned in order:
    jolly phonics - phase 2

      Phase 3:

      We introduce the children here to a higher level of difficulty or what we can interpret as sounds that are formed by two different letter sounds coming after each other like /ch/, /oa/, /ai/. Also, we teach children more tricky words like /was/, /me/, /you/ or /they/. Finally, they also learn how to read and blend some CVC words made by these phase 2 and 3 graphemes (graphemes are all 42 phonemes either made by one letter or digraphs or trigraphs).


      • The graphemes of phase 3:

      jolly phonics - phase 3

        Phase 4:

        We expect children now to be more comfortable with blending CVC words. So, we will introduce them now to consonant clusters. These are two consonants following each other like /ng/, /nt/, /st/, /br/. Finally, The students will practice blending CVCC words.

        you might like these: OPPOSITES FLASHCARDS WITH PICTURES

        • Phase 4 phonics letter sounds:
        jolly phonics - phase 4 phonics

        you might like these coloring pages

        Phase 5 phonics letter sounds:

        phase 5 phonics - jolly phonics

        Here the kids take the full year 1 in learning almost the final touches of reading and spelling. At first, we will start teaching them here that some graphemes like /ow/ have two different sounds like in snow or cow. As a fact,  They will learn how not to get confused with that the more they practice and get familiar with the words they use regularly. They will also take some trigraphs like /igh/, and quadgraphs like /ough/ which the children may not be easily able to spell correctly if asked until they use them a lot.


        Explore the world of letters and sounds with our FREE printable Jolly Phonics worksheets designed just for little kids! These worksheets are a fantastic and fun way to introduce the joy of reading to your little ones. Packed with colorful images and simple exercises, they make learning phonics an exciting adventure. Whether your child is taking their first steps into the world of letters or needs a bit of extra practice, these worksheets are tailored for their early learning journey. Download your FREE Jolly Phonics worksheets today and spark the love for reading in your little learners!


        1. Hi,
          I m Rahila.. Thank you for this wonderful website… I m doing group 2 phonics sounds for my 2 yrs Old Kid… When and how to start blending (CVc) in this phase.. Kindly suggest.. Whether this is age appropriate or shall i wait?? Now she knows 6 letter sounds with action..I can’t find any video for phase 2 here.. Whether it is available in this site.. Thank you very much

        2. Thank you for free useful resources!
          I’ve found a mistake: in phase 4 “mp” is for lamp, but there’s a lamb in the picture


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